Hyper-V

How to check Hyper-V replication status automatically

Copy and paste the following into a text file and save as c:\checkrep.ps1.

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Add-PSSnapin Microsoft.Exchange.Management.Powershell.Admin -erroraction silentlyContinue

##### Configuration Section Starts #####

$SMTPName = “mail.ncol.net”
$EmailMessage = new-object Net.Mail.MailMessage
$SMTPServer = new-object Net.Mail.SmtpClient($SMTPName)
$EmailMessage.From = “admin@domain.com”
$EmailMessage.To.Add(“techsupp@ncol.net”)
#$EmailMessage.To.Add(“9197021111@vtext.com”)

##### Configuration Section Ends#####

#Build a nice file name
$date = get-date -Format M_d_yyyy_hh_mm_ss
$csvfile = “.\AllAttentionRequiringVMs_”+$date+”.csv”

#Build the header row for the CSV file
$csv = “VM Name, Date, Server, Message `r`n”

#Find all VMs that require your attention
$VMList = get-vm | where {$_.ReplicationHealth -eq “Critical” -or $_.ReplicationHealth -eq “Warning”}

#Loop through each VM to get the corresponding events
ForEach ($VM in $VMList)
{
$VMReplStats = $VM | Measure-VMReplication

#We should start getting events after last successful replication. Till then replication was happening.
$FromDate = $VMReplStats.LastReplicationTime

#This string will filter for events for the current VM only
$FilterString = “<QueryList><Query Id=’0′ Path=’Microsoft-Windows-Hyper-V-VMMS-Admin’><Select Path=’Microsoft-Windows-Hyper-V-VMMS-Admin’>*[UserData[VmlEventLog[(VmId='” + $VM.ID + “‘)]]]</Select></Query></QueryList>”

$EventList = Get-WinEvent -FilterXML $FilterString  | Where {$_.TimeCreated -ge $FromDate -and $_.LevelDisplayName -eq “Error”} | Select -Last 3

#Dump relevant information to the CSV file
foreach ($Event in $EventList)
{
If ($VM.ReplicationMode -eq “Primary”)
{
$Server = $VMReplStats.PrimaryServerName
}
Else
{
$Server = $VMReplStats.ReplicaServerName
}
$csv +=$VM.Name + “,” + $Event.TimeCreated + “,” + $Server + “,” + $Event.Message +”`r`n”
}
}

#Create a file and dump all information in CSV format
$fso = new-object -comobject scripting.filesystemobject
$file = $fso.CreateTextFile($csvfile,$true)
$file.write($csv)
$file.close()

#If there are VMs in critical health state, send an email to me and my colleague
If ($VMList -and $csv.Length -gt 33)
{
$Attachment = new-object Net.Mail.Attachment($csvfile)
$EmailMessage.Subject = “[ATTENTION] Replication requires your attention!”
$EmailMessage.Body = “The report is attached.”
$EmailMessage.Attachments.Add($Attachment)
$SMTPServer.Send($EmailMessage)
$Attachment.Dispose()
}
Else
{
$EmailMessage.Subject = “[NORMAL] All VMs replicating Normally!”
$EmailMessage.Body = “All VMs are replicating normally. No further action is required at this point.”
$SMTPServer.Send($EmailMessage)
}

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Change the relevant email information at the beginning of the document.

Now open Task Scheduler.

Create a Basic Task. Name it Check Replication. Next.

Set the Trigger to the frequency you want the script to run. Next.

Set the Action to Start A Program. Next.

Enter powershell.exe in the Program box.

Enter c:\checkrep.ps1 in the Add Arguments box.

Enter c:\ in the Start In box. Next.

Open the properties of the Task and on the General tab select “Run whether user is  logged in or not” and “Run with the highest privileges”.

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If you receive an error:

“Your script is blocked from executing due to the execution policy.”

You need to set it on the client PC to Unrestricted. You can do that by calling Invoke with

Set-ExecutionPolicy Unrestricted

within Windows Powershell (x86) app.

Use Robocopy to move shares with permissions.

robocopy source destination /E /ZB /DCOPY:T /COPYALL /R:1 /W:1 /V /TEE /LOG:Robocopy.log

Here’s what the switches mean:

source :: Source Directory (drive:\path or \\server\share\path).
destination :: Destination Dir (drive:\path or \\server\share\path).
/E :: copy subdirectories, including Empty ones.
/ZB :: use restartable mode; if access denied use Backup mode.
/DCOPY:T :: COPY Directory Timestamps.
/COPYALL :: COPY ALL file info (equivalent to /COPY:DATSOU). Copies the Data, Attributes, Timestamps, Ownser, Permissions and Auditing info
/R:n :: number of Retries on failed copies: default is 1 million but I set this to only retry once.
/W:n :: Wait time between retries: default is 30 seconds but I set this to 1 second.
/V :: produce Verbose output, showing skipped files.
/TEE :: output to console window, as well as the log file.
/LOG:file :: output status to LOG file (overwrite existing log).

Hyper-V Replica Capacity Planner

The Capacity Planner for Hyper-V Replica which was released on 5/22, allows you to plan your Hyper-V Replica deployment based on the workload, storage, network and server characteristics. The guidance is based on results gathered through our internal testing across different workloads.

You can download the tool and it’s documentation from here – http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=39057

Instructions:

1) Download the tool (exe) and documentation

2) Read the documentation first and then try out the tool. You should familiarize yourself with some nuances listed in the documentation before using the tool.

So go ahead, use the tool in your virtual infrastructure and share your feedback and questions through this blog post or in the community forum. We would love to hear your comments!